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After the centrally-planned economy ceased to exist, the process of
post-socialist transformations has advanced significantly. The countries of the
Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), Southern and Eastern Europe (SEE) and the
Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) have been involved since in vast
systematic changes. Undoubtedly, these changes have been leading to
fully-fledged market economies, although the precise outcome of transformation
was not going to be the same for all the countries involved.
The main objective of the restructuring of the banking systems was to create some modern such systems, according to the international standards, which could directly support the development and the stability of the economies. This objective could be achieved by tight efforts of both the central banks and commercial banks. In the current economic environment, where the most important goal is globalization and openness to the international trends, where the competition becomes sounder every day and the rise in the quality is necessary, the firms face an important need for capital and for short-term and long-term funds, and the role of the banks in supporting this development and in ensuring and sustaining the macroeconomic balance becomes crucial.
The paper investigates the role of the monetary policy in the area of the banking credits of the commercial banks, in the savings area and in the investments area and their implications on the macroeconomic balance (current account balance, budget balance and private balance). The analysis is based more on the Romanian case as compared to the other countries in the Central and Eastern European region.
monetary policy, minimum reserves, discount rate, banking system, banking
credit, domestic savings, investments, current account balance.
JEL Classification: E21, E22, E44, E52, E63.